Classes of Occlusion
Before we discuss classes of occlusion, it is important to note that if a pets occlusion is abnormal with its primary teeth, it is very likely that the condition will still be present when the permanent teeth erupt. Therefore, it is during a pet's first six months that bite evaluations are essential to allow an early diagnosis and intervention.
Base narrow canines may occur in Class 1 or 2 malocclusions. If the pet is between 4-7 months of age,. we can use the force of the erupting tooth along with a build-up of restorative material (red arrow) to direct the tooth into a proper location.
In the adult patient, treatment involves fabrication of an acrylic inclined plane that will direct the tooth to the proper position (red arrow).
Another therapy is to shorten the crown and cap the tooth. Therefore the shortened tooth no longer strikes the palate or roof of the mouth (black arrow).
Hopefully this overview has provided you with a better understanding of normal and abnormal occlusion. Just as in people early therapy many times offers the best results. Watching the position of a puppies or kittens teeth in the first 6 months is the key!
We feel that orthodontic treatment plans, when needed, should favor the simplest therapy that will achieve the desired results - comfort and function.